Sassoon General Hospitals is a large state-run hospital in Pune, India with 1296 beds. Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College and a Nursing College are attached to it.
The Jewish philanthropist David Sassoon from Mumbai made a generous donation to make the construction of the hospital possible in 1867. The hospital could originally accommodate only 144 patients. Later Jacob Sassoon donated for another building for expansion in 1905-06.
B. J. Medical School was started in 1871 which was upgraded to College in 1946. In 1956, a new present Sassoon Hospital building was constructed. Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi was operated upon in Sassoon Hospital for emergency appendicectomy in 1924 by a British Surgeon Col. Murdock with an Indian anaesthetist Dr. Datey in attendance.
The first Principal of the B. J. Medical College, which started with 50 students, was Dr. B. B. Dikshit, a renowned academician, the quiet mastery of Dr. Bhende and discipline of Dr. Balwani have left an indelible imprint on the young impressionable minds of innumerable students, in their formative years, who in turn have imbibed these sterling qualities to give back the best to society. Dr. Dikshit's path breaking research contribution to the role of acetylcholine in sleep and Dr. Bhende's discovery of the Bombay blood group have etched their names for posterity, Sassoon Hospital had its name in the Jablonski's Dictionary of syndromes, for the syndrome discovered and named after it, by Dr. Ganla and Dr. M. J. Narsimhan.
After the centenary celebrations of Sassoon Hospital in 1968, the staff society was born, thanks to the efforts of research minded academicians Dr. Deodhar, Dr. Mutalik and others to provide a platform for sharing and exchange of research work at Staff conferences. The staff society was merged with the newly formed Research Society to boost interdepartmental research and provide a forum for young researches to present their work and publish it in the Research Society Journal 'Medical Journal of Western India. Both are running in full stream and have provided a stepping board for young staff members and students to pursue a career in research. B. J. Medical College stepped into international research in 1998 with collaboration of Johns Hopkins University USA which is continued till now. Research published through this collaboration made WHO to change guidelines for prevention of mother-to-infant HIV transmission.